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小學英語句型轉換方法大匯總,趕快為孩子收藏

時間:2019-11-28 11:42來源:尚志教育



小學英語中的句型轉換屬于較難的題型,對孩子的英語綜合能力有一定要求。除了必須掌握基礎的詞匯外,還要對語法知識和句子語序有很好的掌握,很多孩子在這種題型上失分比較嚴重,其實是他們沒有掌握好方法。

 

小學英語的句型轉換就只有那幾種類型,小編告訴你只要掌握了方法,就不怕不會做啦!
 

肯定句改否定句的方法

 

1、 在be動詞后加not。如:is not , are not , am not

 

2、 can,should, will等后加not。

如:can not, should not,will not;

 

3、 上述都沒有的,在動詞前加助動詞否定形式don’t/doesn’t/didn’t。

 

4、 some 改成any。

 

如:I am a girl. → I am not a girl.

You are a student. →You are not a student.

→You aren’t a student.

 

This is Tom’s bag, → This is not Tom’s bag.→ This isn’t Tom’s bag.
 

肯定句改一般疑問句的方法

 

1、be動詞放在句首,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句點改成問號。

 

2、can,shall, will等放到句首,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句點改成問號。

 

3、上述都沒有的,在句首請助動詞Do/Does/Did幫忙,剩下的照抄,(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)句點改成問號。

 

注意:句首的第一個字母要大寫,句尾標點應為“?”。

 

如:

I am in Class 6. →Are you in Class 6?

You are from America. →Are you from  America?

It is an orange. →Is it an orange?

 

4、就一般疑問句回答

 

一般疑問句有兩種回答,即:肯定回答和否定回答。其中,肯定回答用yes,否定回答用no。語句順序為:Yes + 主語 + am /is/ are/was/were.|can.|do/does/did|; No + 主語+ am not/ isn’t/ aren’t

 

如:

—Are you an English teacher?→Yes, I am. /No, I am not.

 

—Is that a bird? →Yes, it is./ No, it isn’t.
 

對劃線部分提問

 

“就劃線部分提問”是小學階段英語學習的難點,但是一旦掌握了規律,就變得容易多了。小學英語對劃線部分提問之答題口訣 :

 

一代:用正確的疑問詞代替劃線部分

二移:把疑問詞移至句首

三倒:顛倒主謂語,但對主語或其定語提問時除外(some 改成any,I改成you,my改成your)

四抄:照抄句子剩余部分

 

特殊疑問詞的確定要根據劃線內容而定,在小學階段常出現的有以下幾種:

 

①劃線部分是“事或物”,特殊疑問詞用what 

 

如: This is a book.---What is this? 

 I often play football on Saturdays .---What do you often do on Saturdays ?

 

②劃線部分是“人”,特殊疑問詞用who 

 

如:He is my brother. ---Who is he ? 

 

③劃線部分是“地點”,特殊疑問詞用where 

 

如:The box is on the desk.---Where is the box ? 

 

④劃線部分是“時間”,特殊疑問詞用what time或when

 

如:It's seven twenty . ---What time is it ? 

I usually get up at six . --- When do you usually get up? 

 

⑤劃線部分是“年齡”,特殊疑問詞用how old 

 

如:I am twelve . ---How old are you?  

My father is thirty-three . ---How old is your father ?

 

⑥劃線部分是“職業”,特殊疑問詞用what 

 

如:Mike is a worker. ---What is Mike ? 

 

⑦劃線部分是“顏色”,特殊疑問詞用what colour 

 

如: My hat is blue . ---What colour is your hat?  

 

⑧劃線部分是“數量”,特殊疑問詞用how many或how much 

 

如:I can see five kites .---How many kites can you see ?   

There is some milk in the glass. ---How much milk is there in the glass ? 

 

⑨劃線部分是“多少錢”,特殊疑問詞用how much 

 

如:This pen is nine yuan . ---How much is this pen ?  

 

⑩劃線部分是“形容詞性物主代詞或名詞性物主代詞”,特殊疑問詞用whose

 

如:That is my book . ---Whose book is that ?   

 

The bag is yours. ---Whose is the bag ?
 

以下口訣一定要記住

 

1.問“誰”用who;

2.問“誰的”,用whose;

3.問“地點哪里”,用where;

4.問“原因”,用why;

5.問“身體狀況”,用how;

 

6.問“方式”,用how;

7.問“年齡”,用how old;

8.問“多少”,用how many;

9.問"價錢”用how much;

10.問“哪一個”,用which ;

 

11.問“什么”,用what;

12.問“職業”,用what;

13.問“顏色”,用what colour;

14.問“星期”,用what day;

15.問“什么學科",用what subject;

16.問“什么時候”,用when;

 

17.問"幾點"用What’s the time?或 What time is it?
 

 附小學英語必考的62個句型

 

句型1:There+be +主語+地點狀語/ 時間狀語

There’s a boat in the river. 河里有條船。

 

句型2:What’s wrong with+sb. / sth. ?  

What’s wrong with your watch?你的手表有什么毛???

 

句型3:How do you like...?  

How do you like China?你覺得中國怎么樣?

 

句型4:What do you like about...  

What do you like about China?你喜歡中國的什么?

 

句型5:had better(not)+動詞原形  

You’d better ask that policeman over there. 你最好去問問那邊的那個警察。

 

句型6:How+adj. / adv. +主語+謂語!  

What a/ an+adj. +n. +主語+謂語!  

How cold it is today !今天多冷??!  

What a fine picture it is!多美的一幅圖畫呀!

 

句型7:Thank+sb. +for(doing)sth.

Thank you for coming to see me. 感謝你來看我。

 

句型8:So+be/ 情態動詞/ 助動詞+主語  

He is a student. So am I. 他是一個學生,我也是。

 

句型9:... not ... until ...  

He didn’t have supper until his parents came back. 

直到他的父母回來他才吃飯。

 

句型10:比較級+and+比較級

The baby cried harder and harder. 那孩子哭得越來越厲害。

 

句型11:the +比較級,the +比較級  

The more one has,the more one wants. 越有越貪。

 

句型12:... as +adj./ adv.+as ...

…not as(so) +adj. / adv. +as ...

Do you think that art is as important as music?你認為藝術和音樂一樣重要嗎?  

Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today. 上個星期天的天氣不如今天的天氣潮濕。

 

句型13:more/ less +adj.+than...  

I think art is less important than music. 我認為藝術不如音樂重要。

 

句型14:stop…from doing sth.

The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away. 綠色長城將阻擋風吹走土壤。

 

句型15:both ... and ...  

Both you and I are students. 我和你都是學生。

 

句型16:either ... or...  

Either you or he is wrong . 不是你錯就是他錯。

 

句型17:neither ... nor ...

Neither he nor I am a student. 我和他都不是學生。

 

句型18:... as soon as ...  

As soon as I see him,I’ll give him the message.

我一見到他,我就把你的消息告訴他。

 

句型19:... so+adj. / adv.+that ...  

I was so tired that I didn’t want to speak. 我累得連話也不想說了。

 

句型20:Though...+主句  

Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time. 

雖然我喜歡給筆友寫信,但它要耗費我大量時間。

 

句型21:be going to  

This afternoon I’m going to buy a Qisu English book. 

今天下午我要去買本奇速英語書。

 

句型22:be different from  

I think this is different from Chinese names.

我認為這與漢語名字不同。

 

句型23:Welcome(back)to...  

Welcome back to school!歡迎回到學校!

 

句型24:have fun doing  

We’re going to have fun learning and speaking English this term. 

這學期我們將興味盎然地學習和講英語。

 

句型25:... because ... / ...,so ...  

I don’t know all your names because this is our first lesson. 

因為這是我們的第一節課,所以我并不知道你們所有人的名字。

 

句型26:Why don’t you ... / Why not ...  

Why don’t you come to school a little earlier?

為什么不早點到校呢?

 

句型27:make it  

Let’s make it half past nine. 讓我們定在九點半吧!

 

句型28:have nothing to do  

They have nothing to do every day. 他們每天無所事事。

 

句型29:be sure/ be sure of/ about sth. / be sure to do sb.  

I think so, but I’m not sure. 我想是這樣,但不敢確定?! ?/span>

I was not sure of / about the way,so I asked someone. 

我對于怎么走沒有把握,所以我問別人了。

 

句型30:between ... and ...

There is a shop between the hospital and the school. 

在那家醫院和那所學校之間有一家商店。

 



句型31:keep sb. / sth. +adj./ V-ing/ 介詞補語/ adv.

You must keep your classroom clean. 你們必須保持教室干凈。

Sorry to have kept you waiting. 對不起,讓你久等?! ?/span>

Can you keep him in the room ?你能讓他在這個房里嗎?  

Keep them here. 讓他們在這兒呆著。

 

句型32:find +賓語+賓補

He finds it very hard to travel around the big city . 

他發現要環游這個大城市是很難的。

 

句型33:... not ... anymore/ longer

The old man doesn’t travel any more. 這位老人不再旅行了。

He isn’t a thief any longer. 他不再是個賊。

 

句型34:What’s the weather like...?

What’s the weather like in spring in your hometown ?

在你們家鄉春天天氣怎么樣?

 

句型35:There is no time to do/ have no time to do

There was no time to think. 沒有時間思考。

I have no time to go home for lunch. 我沒有時間回家吃午飯。

 

句型36:Help oneself to...

Help yourself to some fish. 吃魚吧!

 

句型37:used to do

I used to read this kind of story books. 我過去常讀這種故事書。

 

句型38:borrow ... from

I borrowed a Qisu English book from him. 我從他那借了一本奇速英語書.

 

句型39:lend sb. sth. / lend sth. to sb.

He lent me a story book / He lent a story book to me. 

他借了本故事書給我。

 

句型40:have been to

Have you ever been to Haw aii?你曾去過夏威夷嗎?

 

句型41:have gone to  

Where’s he?He’s gone to Washington. 他在哪兒?他去華盛頓了。

 

句型42:be famous for

Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches. 

夏威夷以它美麗的海灘而出名。

 

句型43:No matter +疑問句+主句  

No matter when you come,you are welcomed. 

無論你們什么時候來,都受歡迎。

 

句型44:be afraid(of / todo / that...)

I’m afraid not. 恐怕不能。

Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English. 

當說英語時不要害怕犯錯誤。

 

句型45:... as ... as possible / ... as ... as sb can  

I hope to see him as soon as possible. 我希望能盡快見到他?! ?/span>

He ran here as fast as he could. 他盡最大努力跑到這兒。

 

句型46:practise / enjoy / finish doing

A young man practised speaking English with Mr Green.

 一個年輕人和格林先生練習說英語。

Tom enjoys playing football very much. 湯姆很喜歡踢足球?! ?/span>

He finished reading the story book. 他看完了那本故事書。

 

句型47:It’s said that ...

It’s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark. 據說最危險的鯊魚之一是大白鯊。

 

句型48:Not all / everyone ... 

Not all sharks are alike. 并不是所有的鯊魚都一樣?! ?/span>

Not everyone likes dumplings. 并不是每個人都喜歡餃子。

 

句型49:be based on  

His argument is based on facts. 他的論斷是以事實為根據的。

 

句型50:... so that ...

Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight. 

把樹放入洞穴中,讓它立直。

 

句型51:be+num. +metres / kilometres / years...+long / wide / deep / high / old...

The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long. 綠色長城長7000公里。

The river is about 2 metres deep. 這條河大約有2米深?! ?/span>

The boy is about 12 years old . 這個男孩約12歲。

 

句型52:keep ... from doing

The heavy rain kept us from starting out. 大雨阻止了我們出發。

 

句型53:with one’s help...

With Tom’s help,I’ve come to America to study further. 

在湯姆的幫助下,我來美國深造。

 

句型54:I don’t think ...

I don’t think any of them is interesting. 我認為他們中任何一個都無趣。

 

句型55:What’s the population of ...?

What’s the population of Germany ?德國的人口有多少?

 

句型56:prefer to do … rather than do

They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it. 

他們更喜歡買一輛新車,而不愿去修理它。

 

句型57:be worth (doing) …

This book is worth reading. 這本書值得讀。

 

句型58:regard … as

They regarded their pets as members of their families. 

他們把寵物視為家庭成員。

 

句型59:be confident of

I’m confident of success. 我確信會成功。

 

句型60:seem to do / seem +adj. / (介詞短語)

He seems to be angry. 他似乎生氣了。

The house seems too noisy. 這房子似乎太吵了。

 

句型61:be angry with / about / at(doing)

We’re all very angry with ourselves. 我們都很生自己的氣。

I was angry about his decision to build a factory here. 我很生氣他決定把工廠建在這兒?! ?/span>

I was angry at being kept waiting. 這樣一直等我很生氣。

 

句型62:pay for / pay … for

He paid for the book and went away. 他付完書款便離開了。

I paid him £200 for the painting. 買這幅畫我付了他200英鎊。


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